Cannabinoids are active compounds produced by all cannabis plants.
Since you've learned the important difference in THC that comes from cannabis (marijuana) and CBD which is derived from hemp, you may be wondering what exactly is a cannabinoid? These are chemical compounds that act on receptors found in your brain as well as in your body and produce various effects, such as the regulation of inflammation, mood, appetite and pain perception. They account for most of the benefits of cannabis. Cannabinoids found in plants are called phytocannabinoids, while cannabinoids produced by the human body are called endocannanbinoids. Cannabinoids interact with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), which promotes homeostasis.
Your body naturally produces similar compounds all on its own, called endocannabinoids, which explains the presence of these receptors in your body. The receptors are known as CB1 and CB2 . The CB1 receptors are found throughout your body but are concentrated in the brain. These receptors involve movement and the body's coordination, pain perception, appetite, memories and emotion and thinking. THC (the psychoactive component) attaches to these CB1 receptors.
The CB2 receptors are more commonly found in your immune system and are involved with pain and inflammation. Scientists used to believe that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors but now more current research suggests that CBD does not attach to either receptor, but simply allows your body to use more of your own naturally produced cannabinoids.
Because you have these cannabinoid receptors in places, you cam take advantage of products which contain cannabinoids and not have to rely only on the ones your body produces. When you take a product that contains CBD, yo can get the therapeutic effects of the cannabinoids without the intoxicating effect that comes with products that contain THC.